Filename extension: .mdb
Developed by: Microsoft
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The MDB file type, known as Microsoft Database, is a database file format used by Microsoft Access, part of the Microsoft Office suite. This proprietary file format was first introduced with Access in the early 1990s and has since become associated with desktop database management systems. Over the years, MDB files have enabled users to create and manage databases on their personal computers with relative ease.

How MDB Works

MDB files operate as containers for data, storing a variety of information in a structured format. They support data storage, query, and management, as well as the creation of graphical user interfaces for database interaction. MDB files are structured in a way that allows for the creation of tables, reports, macros, and queries.

Software Compatibility

While primarily associated with Microsoft Access, MDB files can also be used with other software. There are several database management tools available that can open and manipulate MDB files. Additionally, some programming languages provide libraries to interact with MDB databases, making it possible for developers to integrate MDB file support into their applications.

Alternatives to the MDB Format

Despite its early popularity, the MDB format has seen competition from newer database formats. Alternative formats like ACCDB, introduced with Access 2007, and open-source formats such as SQLite and MySQL, have emerged as more versatile or platform-independent solutions. Each alternative comes with its own set of features and is chosen based on the requirements of the project at hand.


MDB files have played a significant role in the evolution of desktop databases. Due to their ease of use and integration with Microsoft Access, they have been a staple in small-scale database management. However, as the technology landscape evolves, it's essential to consider more modern alternatives that offer additional benefits and greater flexibility in a continuously changing digital world.

Supported converters for MDB files

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