The TS file extension is primarily associated with the MPEG Transport Stream format, a standard format for transmitting and storing audio, video, and Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) data. Initially developed in the mid-1990s, the goal was to maintain quality for digital television transmission over various networks, including terrestrial, cable, and satellite TV systems. MPEG-2 Part 1, known as Systems (ISO/IEC standard 13818-1), provided the basis for the standardization of the TS file format.
How TS Files Function
TS files encapsulate packetized audio and video streams, allowing for error correction capabilities which are crucial for broadcast applications. The structure of these files is designed to recover from data losses that are inherent in broadcast communication. Packets in a TS file can start at any point in a video stream, making it possible to tune into a broadcast at any time and quickly obtain a correct program signal.
Applications and Software for TS File Playback
Many media players and software tools support the playback and editing of TS files. Major players like VLC Media Player and Kodi, as well as video editing software such as Adobe Premiere Pro, are capable of handling the TS format.
Alternatives to TS File Format
Although TS files are widely used, there are several other formats that serve similar purposes, such as the MP4 file format. MP4 files are based on the MPEG-4 Part 14 standard and offer advanced features such as interactive menus and subtitles, making them suitable for internet streaming and multimedia applications.